What Are Probiotics? Probiotic Supplements, Foods, Uses, Benefits, and Safety

Probiotics are live bacteria and yeasts that are good for you, especially your digestive system. We usually think of these as germs that cause diseases. But your body is full of bacteria, both good and bad. Probiotics are often called “good” or “helpful” bacteria because they help keep your gut healthy.

You can find probiotics in supplements and some foods, like yogurt. Doctors often suggest them to help with digestive problems.

How Do They Work?

Researchers are trying to figure out exactly how probiotics work. Some of the ways they may keep you healthy:

  • When you lose “good” bacteria in your body, for example after you take antibiotics, probiotics can help replace them.
  • They can help balance your “good” and “bad” bacteria to keep your body working the way it should.

Types of Probiotics

Many types of bacteria are classified as probiotics. They all have different benefits, but most come

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Iron Deficiency Anemia (Low Iron): Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

What Is Iron Deficiency Anemia?

Iron deficiency anemia is when your body doesn’t have enough red blood cells. 

Red blood cells carry oxygen from your lungs to the rest of your body. Every organ and tissue in your body needs oxygen to work. Without enough oxygen in your blood, and you may feel tired, weak, and short of breath.

You get iron deficiency anemia when your body is low in iron. You need iron to make hemoglobin, a protein that helps your red blood cells carry oxygen. 

Your doctor will find out why your iron is low. Usually, you can treat iron deficiency anemia with supplements. Once your iron levels go up, you should start to feel better.

Symptoms of Iron Deficiency Anemia

Mild iron deficiency anemia often isn’t noticeable. When it gets more severe, you may have these symptoms:

Because these can also be symptoms of other conditions, see

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Force Health Protection Guidance (Supplement 15) Revision 1

Today, the department released the memorandum for Force Health Protection Guidance (Supplement 15) Revision 1 – Department of Defense Guidance for Coronavirus Disease 2019 Laboratory Testing Services. This memorandum updates previous DoD coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) laboratory testing guidance and rescinds and replaces Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness Memorandum, “Force Health Protection Guidance (Supplement 15) -Department of Defense Guidance for Coronavirus Disease 2019 Clinical Laboratory Testing Services,” January 11, 2021. 

This force health protection (FHP) supplement provides guidance on COVID-19 testing for eligible persons suspected of having contracted COVID-19, and applies Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) testing guidance in the DoD context. DoD Components will continue to employ clinical diagnostic testing1 in accordance with this guidance. This guidance also supports surveillance testing and screening testing (asymptomatic individuals) conducted to decrease operational risk within DoD, consistent with applicable law and in accordance with Under Secretary of

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Chlorella vulgaris: A Multifunctional Dietary Supplement with Diverse Medicinal Properties

Chlorella vulgaris is a green unicellular microalgae with biological and pharmacological properties important for human health. C. vulgaris has a long history of use as a food source and contains a unique and diverse composition of functional macro- and micro-nutrients including proteinsChlorella vulgaris is a green unicellular microalgae with biological and pharmacological properties important for human health. C. vulgaris has a long history of use as a food source and contains a unique and diverse composition of functional macro- and micro-nutrients including proteins, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, polysaccharides, vitamins and minerals. Clinical trials have suggested that supplementation with C. vulgaris can ameliorate amelioration hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia, and protect against oxidative stress, cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In this review, we summarize the findings on the health benefits of Chlorella supplementation and the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects., omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, polysaccharides, vitamins and minerals. Clinical trials have suggested

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National Comorbidity Survey

Lifetime and 12 Months Prevalence Estimates from the NCS-R and NCS-A:

NCS-R Lifetime prevalence estimates

NCS-R Twelve-month prevalence estimates

NCS-A Lifetime and 12M prevalence estimates

About the National Comorbidity Survey (NCS) Family

The NCS (baseline)

The baseline NCS, fielded from the fall of 1990 to the spring of 1992, was the first nationally representative
mental health survey in the U.S. to use a fully structured research diagnostic interview to assess the
prevalences and correlates of DSM-III-R disorders.


In 2001-02, respondents of the baseline NCS were reinterviewed (NCS-2) to study patterns and predictors of the
course of mental and substance use disorders and to evaluate the effects of primary mental disorders in
predicting the onset and course of secondary substance disorders.


In conjunction with the NCS-2, an NCS Replication survey

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Uses, Deficiency, Dosage, Food Sources, and More

Vitamin K plays a key role in helping the blood clot, preventing excessive bleeding. Unlike many other vitamins, vitamin K is not typically used as a dietary supplement.

Vitamin K is actually a group of compounds. The most important of these compounds appears to be vitamin K1 and vitamin K2. Vitamin K1 is obtained from leafy greens and some other vegetables. Vitamin K2 is a group of compounds largely obtained from meats, cheeses, and eggs, and synthesized by bacteria.

Vitamin K1 is the main form of vitamin K supplement available in the U.S.

Recently, some people have looked to vitamin K2 to treat osteoporosis and steroid-induced bone loss, but the research is conflicting. At this point there is not enough data to recommend using vitamin K2 for osteoporosis.

Why do people take vitamin K?

Low levels of vitamin K can raise the risk of uncontrolled bleeding. While vitamin K deficiencies

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New York State Supplement Program

OTDA Home Programs & Services New York State Supplement Program (SSP)


SSP provides state-funded financial assistance to aged, blind and disabled individuals and is part of the monthly benefit paid to most Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients.

Applying for SSP

You must submit an application for federal SSI benefits to the Social Security Administration (SSA). This serves as your application for SSP benefits. SSA shares this information with New York State, who will determine your eligibility for SSP benefits.

There is no online SSI Application. Please schedule an appointment with a local Social Security office to file an application.

For more information on how to apply for SSI benefits, visit


You are eligible for SSP benefits if you:

  • Are an adult who is age 65 or older; or are blind or disabled; or are a child under the
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Supplement Ratings and Reviews – Labdoor

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What’s really in your supplements?

Skip the sales tricks and user reviews. Shop with facts at Labdoor.

Claims to be “maximum strength”, but doesn’t work

Is a best-selling brand, but cheats on quality

Endorsed by celebrities, but isn’t safe

Recommended by doctors, but hasn’t been tested

Tested and verified by Labdoor

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Know which products are effective and safe. Then, confidently buy what’s best for you.


Count on us to be on your side. Our testing is free from manufacturer bias and always will be.


More science, less marketing.

We independently buy supplements from retail stores and test them in chemistry labs. Then we publish the results and expert reviews for free, so you can buy the right

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With LIFETAKT CELL ESSENCE, LR is Setting New Dietary Supplement Standards

AHLEN, Germany–(BUSINESS WIRE)–These days, our cells face more challenges than ever due to stress, lack of exercise and environmental influences. LR Health & Beauty has just launched a cutting-edge dietary supplement concept aimed at improving cell health: LR LIFETAKT CELL ESSENCE with the so-called Cell Boost Formula.

The three products focus on food, energy and regeneration. Each product is a carefully balanced composition of various vitamins, minerals and superfoods (e.g. moringa, turmeric or algae) combined with enzymes or ribose. On the one hand, this supports the energy supply and energy conversion1 within the cells as well as cell regeneration2,3. On the other hand, it ensures a basic supply of nutrients and protects against oxidative stress4,5.

“LR LIFETAKT CELL ESSENCE meets people’s need for pioneering health support and for holistic solutions. We use the best ingredients with the aim of promoting our vitality, performance

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4 Dividend Stocks to Supplement Your Social Security


Here’s How the World’s Chip Shortage Is Playing Out for Stocks

(Bloomberg) — A global semiconductor shortage has upended the supply of everyday devices from smartphones to gaming consoles to tech-dependent cars. With companies warning the issue may last into the second half, the fallout threatens to weigh on share prices for months to come.Since news broke in November that Apple Inc. faced a shortage of chips for its latest iPhone, warnings about the impact have been coming thick and fast. Truckmaker Volvo Group and electric-vehicle company Nio Inc. last week joined a long list of auto producers that have idled assembly lines.The lack of chips has been caused by booming demand for tech gear, in large part because of the pandemic, and winter weather in Texas and a fire in Japan have added to the problem. It’s been a boon for companies such as Applied Materials Inc. and

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